عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: ethnic groups in Esfarayen use different degrees of cultural socialization components. Here, the degree of socialization is expected to be a better predictor of the growth of a sustainable ethnic identity. For ethnic groups in Esfarayen, cultural socialization as a multidimensional structure has different components. Examining the direct relationship between cultural socialization and ethnic identity in general proves the finding that there is a strong relationship between the two variables overall. This link between cultural socialization and enduring ethnic identity suggests that some people are stronger than others. Moreover, the components of cultural socialization in Esfarayen help us identify the underlying characteristics that strengthen the link between cultural socialization and enduring ethnic identity. The present study is a multidimensional measure of cultural socialization to assess how specific dimensions of cultural socialization are related to ethnic identity.
Method: due to the nature of the study and the data required for this research, a questionnaire was used. The main method of validity testing is to carefully examine the measurement of the concept in terms of its meaning and to question whether or not the measurement instrument is truly measuring the intended concept. This is the nature of careful examination of the method used to determine formal validity. In this study, the formal validity method was used to calculate validity. Thus, in a pretest, the opinion of experts and thinkers in the field was obtained. For this purpose, the questionnaire was presented to several experts in the field of sociology, and content corrections were made and the fit of the variables with the questions was checked. In the next step, after the accuracy of the expressions had been established, the scales and questions were adjusted and subjected to pretesting as questionnaires.
Findings: The results showed that sustainable ethnic identity is influenced by cultural socialization and that ethnic groups differ in emphasizing identity stability in this socialization. Thus, it can be concluded that ethnic identity is a dynamic, situational / situational set, and at the same time, in the words of Thomas Ericsson (Erickson, 2016), Cultural socialization can somehow elicit the ethnic identity of individuals in any ethnic group and respond to individual aspirations, goals, abilities, beliefs, and history, and is elicited by social factors and constantly reconstructed throughout life.
Conclusion: Among the ethnic groups in Esfarayen, these two influences are most evident in the Kormanj ethnic group. The statistical results also show the same effect. Therefore, it can be said that socialization factors play a major role among ethnic groups. That is, they maintain an ethnic identity while perpetuating the cultural content of ethnic groups. This effect can be observed in this multi-ethnic city.