عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: divorce has always been one of the most challenging issues facing human societies since direct and indirect effects are not only on the psychological balance of couples and children but its negative effects on the cultural system and the economic system are undeniable. Divorce as one of the most influential phenomena in the Iranian society has also been proposed which brings damage to different aspects. This way, we face a growing divorce rate in Iran every day. Some consider this rise as a sign of uncertainty and ultimately, the collapse of the family body and in general, the structure of society, and some consider this trend as a result of increasing individual liberty and the weakening of societal practices. However, the phenomenon of divorce during the last century has led to a growing trend in the global and national scale, wives who suffer from disagreements, are deficient in the skill of life and are involved in unproductive communication patterns. If the couples do not properly acquire the skills of life, including skills of communication and conflict resolution, conflicts in a verbal form and then behave in a manner, and gradual degradation begins in couples' adaptation.
Ineffective communication leads to a gap between a profound individual that is experienced in all aspects of life and all parts of society. The lack of communication skills necessary to start and sustain marital life can lead to loneliness, physical illness and psychological pressure, sense of incapacity and dissatisfaction, family problems, and even death. The frustration of improving couples' relationships, false insights, false relationships, besides the side effects that affect the relationship between spouses, also undermine the structure.
How to develop and expand the divorce in society and consequently the destruction of healthy relationships among couples on one hand reflects social, cultural, economic, and on the other hand the effect of how marital relations are established among couples. Therefore, strengthening of the relationship and communication skills among couples can reduce the burden of the problem. Communication problems are a pivotal issue in the communication approaches to the family.
Families in which both husband and wife are understanding and feel satisfied with life have a better function and play a better role. Marital satisfaction is one of the factors of achievement and achievement of the goals of life communication problems are a central issue in the communication approaches to the family in terms of their attachment, the relationship between spouses can be effective in terms of satisfaction and attachment.
In this study, we try to identify and explain the challenges and relationship between couples from the perspective of cultural differences in the way of qualitative research method which ultimately forces couples to divorce each other.
Research Method: In terms of research methods, this research is a quality that uses the method of content analysis. It is also purposeful, exploratory, and practical. The statistical population of this study consists of couples exposed to divorce, academic experts, counselors and senior managers in the field of social communication. The statistical sample of the study is 30 people who were selected through theoretical and targeted sampling method.
Findings: The required statistical data were collected and analyzed using the semi-structured specialized interview method. Goba and Lincoln criteria were also used to evaluate the quality of the research results.
Conclusion: The results showed that the cultural causes of couples' communication challenges exposed to divorce in three categories: non-adherence to religious, moral and social values (including 10 components), individual and family abnormalities (8 components) and differences in subcultures (2(. Component) are located.