عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The increase in the number of female-headed households and, consequently, their injuries and problems in recent years has been one of the most important changes in Iranian society in the field of women and family, which has turned the issue of female-headed households into a serious research issue and there has been an increase in research in this area. The aim of this study was to identify the conditions affecting the living conditions of female-headed households and to provide solutions to reduce vulnerability and improve the living conditions of female-headed households.
Method: Using qualitative meta-analysis method, the present study investigated 110 selected research works including scientific-research articles, Master's theses, doctoral dissertations and research projects in the period 1385-98 and the variables studied in the researches are divided into two categories, including the conditions affecting the increase and decrease of the desirability of the living conditions of women heads of households.
Finding: Effective conditions on reducing the desirability of living conditions of female-headed households including economic insecurity, unfavorable employment status, low level of education, stress of work-family roles pressure, unfavorable physical health status unfavorable mental health status, unfavorable social security and social health status, unfavorable state of mental health of children, social exclusion and functional challenges of responsible organizations. Also economic empowerment, job empowerment trainings, psychological empowerment trainings, general trainings, counseling services, family support, social support, social capital and social security were identified as effective conditions on increasing desirability of the living conditions of female-headed households.
Results and Conclusion: Based on the effective conditions extracted from the researched studies, solutions in 9 axes of economic empowerment including financial support, insurance support and Providing house, job empowerment including information promotion In the field of employment, vocational training for employment, paving the way for stable and sufficient income and providing entrepreneurship conditions for women heads of households, physical empowerment including raising awareness in the field of physical health, providing food security, Encouraging sports activities and providing health insurance facilities, psychological empowerment including providing psychological education and counseling and social work services, cultural empowerment including raising awareness and level of education of female-headed households, social empowerment including Strengthening family and local support networks, utilizing the capacity of non-governmental organizations, increasing the social capital of female-headed households and raising social awareness towards female-headed households, legal empowerment including increasing legal awareness, reforming and developing protection laws And providing the conditions for the realization of the rights of female-headed households, empowerment of children, including Children's psychological empowerment, educational empowerment and Improving Children's professional skills, organizational empowerment including promoting organizational efficiency, careful and comprehensive planning and modifying the method of organizational support in order to reduce harm and improve the living conditions of female-headed households have been suggested.