عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Famine and water shortage is a tangible reality in the country and its importance increases day by day as a result of the population growth, the need to supply the population necessities and the growth of industry and the underground cultivation. In the meantime, unfortunately the watershed of Zayandehrood, located in Isfahan, being on the drought line, has been struggling with water crisis and eventually facing water shortage in the long run. The water crisis in this part has lead to other important social consequences as well as the current crisis of fresh water supply, agricultural and industrial, and providing the fresh water of Yazd. The bitter events that reached their peak in February, 2013 develops the scientific and practical importance on solving the problem of water crisis, particularly in this specific region which is of great importance.
Method: This article aims to suggest the methods to properly managing the similar crises of the future by investigating the social aspects of this crisis and the natural and human factors in its occurrence and severity.
Finding:The findings and results of this examination show that water shortage or the reduction of accessing to fresh water resources leads to tensions in acute districts; thus the demonstrations of 2011 to 2014 in some districts of Isfahan took place because of the water crisis of Zayandehrood district.
Results & Conclusion: Providing the scientific and proper logistics of the land, the management of Zayandehrood district, the establishment of planning counsel and the management of water supply under the control of ministry of Interior and ministry of Energy and with the participation of all of the water consuming parts such as farmers, citizens, the manufacturers and the related institutions, the acts of the ministry of agriculture in developing the traditional methods of irrigation, making a change in managing the natural space of the cities, using the new technologies in water desalination process and its conveyance to the related milieus, are considered the useful methods of solving the problem of water crisis in Zayandehrood and lessening the social disadvantages in this particular context.