عنوان مقاله [English]
High level documents assessment suggests lack of clear policies on the issues of ethnic groups in the country’s higher education system. Ignoring the existence of different identities and ethnic diversity in academic environments, as well as the failure to identify and introduce the cultures of different ethnic groups, have consequences and challenges in higher education. In this regard, this paper is to explore the challenges of higher education system in the issue of ethnicity and ethnic policy making strategies by using Delphi qualitative study. So, semi-structured interviews were made with 15 faculty members and cultural experts from universities of different ethnic backgrounds and different academic disciplines and grades, who had studied ethnicity. The analysis of qualitative data by “thematic analysis” shows that the challenges of higher education in discussing ethnicity are in three fields: political, educational, and cultural. The most important challenges encountered in the political arena are: paradoxical showing the strengthening of ethnic identity against national identity, the probability of ethnocentrism in universities, style-centered manner of chiefs and managers on ethnicity, the politicization of ethnicity in universities and non-academic exposure to ethnicity at the university. In the field of ethnicity and education, universities faced challenges such as non-academic encounter with the subject of ethnicity at the university, educational justice, mother language education, the establishment of the field of ethnic literature and native-selection of students and professors. Challenges in the field of ethnicity and culture in higher education are: weakness in the management of cultural activities of ethnicities, issues of student publications, artistic and cultural festivals, literary associations, and the use of ethnic symbols.