پیش‌بینی‌کننده‌های شخصیتی و خلقی جامعه‌پسندی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

رفتار جامعه‌پسندی، شامل گروه بزرگی از رفتارهای اختیاری است که به قصد منفعت دیگران انجام می‌شود. شناخت عوامل شخصیتی و خلقی پیش‌بینی‌‌‌کنندة جامعه‌پسندی، سبب شناخت بهتر عوامل نیرومندساز تعامل‌‌‌های اجتماعی می‌شود. جامعة آماری این پژوهش همبستگی، تمامی دانش‌‌‌آموزان دختر و پسر مقطع دبیرستان شهر فساست. نمونه شامل 120 دختر و 120 پسر دانش‌آموز مقطع دبیرستان است که به‌صورت خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامة شخصیت جامعه‌پسند، فرم کوتاه پرسشنامة پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت نئو و پرسشنامة پاناس (PANAS) ابزارهای سنجش هستند. مطابق نتایج، برون‌گرایی و دلپذیر‌بودن، پیش‌بینی‌‌‌کنندة قدرتمند جامعه‌پسندی است. همچنین دختران در بیشتر متغیرهای پژوهش در مقایسه با پسران، به‌طور معنادار نمرات بالاتری به‌‌‌دست آوردند. این نتایج، همسو با پژوهش‌‌‌های پیشین است، اما متغیرهای پیش‌بین باوجدان‌بودن، عاطفة مثبت، نروتیک‌بودن و عاطفة منفی نیز هریک بین 1 تا 3 خرده‌‌‌مقیاس از هفت زیرمقیاس شخصیت جامعه‌‌‌پسند را پیش‌بینی کردند. یافته‌های فرعی تحقیق، لزوم پژوهش‌‌‌های بیشتر برای مفهوم‌سازی و ساخت ابزارهای دیگری از سنجش جامعه‌پسندی را پیشنهاد می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predictors of personality and mood of pro-social personality

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Saffarinia 1
  • Ali Reza Aghauosefi 1
  • Hamid Reza Imanifar 2
چکیده [English]

Prosocial behavior, including a large class of optional behaviors that can be done to benefit others. Factors predictive of prosocial personality and mood will improve understanding of the factors strengthening social interactions. The population of this correlational study was all male and female high school students in the city of Fasa. The sample consisted of 120 female and 120 male secondary school students who were selected by multistage cluster. The assessment tool, were pro-social personality, the short form NEO personality and PANAS inventory. The results showed that Extraversion and Agreeableness were powerful predictive Pro-social personality and the girls obtained scored higher than boys in most of the variables. But predictor variables conscientious, positive affect, negative affect and neuroticism could predicted from 1 to 3 subscales of 7 subscales pro-social personality. The finding research offers further investigation to conceptualize and build a pro-social personality other tools of measurement

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Conscientiousness
  • neuroticism
  • Openness
  • pro-social personality
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