عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Modernization in Kurdistan as an uncompleted process , in it’s historical transition , by religiousness which is the strongest and the most fundamental current cultural and social element , has encountered the researchers with this question that “ What kind of effect has the process of modernization on the rate of religiousness of people? “
This study investigates the relationship between modernization and changing the attitudes and religious behaviors of the young people in the city of Sanandaj and the villages around it. This study was conducted in measuring method in Sanandaj and six villages around it. To assess the theories , 583 of young people ( between 18-29 years old ) in the city and villages were selected by cluster sampling method and also questionnaires related to assess the rate of religiousness ( according to Glock and Stark religiousness scale ) , the rate of modernity ( according to Inkeles , Smith and Sharma ) , the quality of life ( the questionnaire of WHOQQOL – BREF ) ,the rate of social capital and also with using of Berger’s method about “the secondary carriers of modernization “ , the questions about the variables of urbanization , education and the rate of using of mass media ( limited to satellite and internet ) were filled by them.
The results of the data showed that the modernization has a meaningful and reverse relationship with religiousness so that the young people who were more affected by modernization had less religious consideration and dependency. Among the studied variables in Path Analysis , “ scientific orientation “ and “ independence orientation “ as elements of modernity and urbanization had the highest forecasting ability to religiousness rate.
Key words: modernization, religious, secularization, quality of life, mass media, urbanization