عنوان مقاله [English]
Prosocial behavior is a particular type of targeted behavior that benefits other people. In addition to the diversity of prosocial behaviors, their conditions and circumstances are also important. In this study, the structural relationship between self-differentiation and the dimensions of the Prosocial behavior, by the intermediation of moral identity, is studied by using a causal model. First, 239 undergraduate students from Shiraz University were selected through proportional class sampling method. Three valid scales, including Eric's DSI-SE questionnaire, Penner’s prosocial behavior questionnaire, and Aquino and Reed’s moral identity questionnaire were applied to measure the model's variables. The validity and reliability of the instruments used in the research were reviewed and confirmed. Data was analyzed by employing the path analysis approach. Also, Amos software was used for evaluating the intermediation and fitness of the model. Results showed that the model was well-fitted with the data of this research. According to the findings, the differentiation was predicted other-oriented prosocial behavior negatively. Furthermore, moral identity predicted the helpfulness behavior positively, and predicted other-oriented prosocial behavior negatively. In addition, the moral identity play a mediating role in the relationship between self-differentiation and prosocial behavior. On the whole, results indicate the importance of self-differentiation and moral identity in prosocial behavior.