عنوان مقاله [English]
Tuloei's sect was emerged in the late 1330s in the southern oil-rich region among Bakhtiari people. The sect, which had various aspects and is known as Tolouei or Soroushi, was like a sect or semi-sect, which had specific rituals and lifestyle, and special praying words. This sect by its creed and rituals led people to abandoning and disregarding the world. Among the Bakhtiari people in the area of Masjed Soleyman, there lived a person named Sir Jikak (well-known as Seyed Jikak) who came from England, and came to the region by accompanying the British Oil Company. By living in this area, he acquired sufficient knowledge about the people. Then, by nationalization of the oil Iranian industry, he launched this sect to make people indifferent toward the aforementioned issue. In this paper, it is examined one aspect of this sect, qualitatively and phenomenologically. Data was gathered by using snowball sampling method, interviewing with 14 individuals in the towns of Izeh, Masjed Soleyman, Farsan, Dehdez, and some countryside villages. These people directly or indirectly met the sect. The main question of this paper is that whether there has been some elements of magic in Tolouei sect. Findings did not show the actual relation of the two. Finally, results showed that the role of Tolouei's head has been because of their social influence and charisma due to their personality.