عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent century, Iranian society experienced social and political changes, including changes in the role and status of women and family development. This paper examines the relationship between these two transformations, modernizing of women (objective and subjective modernity), and the transformation of intimacy in Tabriz among the last three generations. Objective modernity means the presence of people in modern spaces and the consumption of modern products. Subjective modernity means the motivational, attitudinal and behavioral characteristics of individuals to adapt to the new conditions. This study aims to identify the path to transformation of marital intimacy, and factors affecting it. The statistical population includes all married women in Tabriz. A sample of 997 of them were examined in three generations. The impact of independent variables including generation, education, social class, objective modernity, and subjective modernity on the dependent variable, namely intimacy, were tested through regression analysis and also using the software Amos Graphics. Results of regression analysis showed that four variables of subjective modernity, objective modernity, social class, and generation had a significant effect on intimacy, but the variable "education" did not have a significant effect on intimacy. Furthermore, the experimental data confirmed the theoretical model of the research. Finally, based on findings, the ways of intimacy have been transformed among the three generations, and modernization of women has played an important role in this transformation. However, as there are differences between generations, there are differences and inhomogeneity within them as well.